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Burks Pumps End Suction, Close Coupled Centrifugal Water Pumps

Burks Pumps End Suction, Close Coupled Centrifugal Water Pumps <br>

Burks Pumps are versatile, low cost pumps engineered for use on most phases of liquid handling. These end-suction pumps are heavy duty, general purpose centrifugal pumps with heavy wall castings suitable for many commercial and industrial applications such as condenser, chilled, and hot water systems in HVAC, domestic water boosting, water recirculation and process secondary pumping. High efficiencies, robust case construction of cast iron with impeller bronze impellers makes these pumps an ideal selection for applications that require easy-to-maintain, reliable, long lasting pumps. Heads To: 160 feet, Flows To: 460 g.p.m.

Design Advantages

Casing Design Radial Split Casing is close-grain iron of 30,000 psi minimum tensile strength. The back pull-out design eliminates the need to disturb piping when servicing because the casing stays in the line. The stud-mounted casing assures positive alignment with eight-position center line discharge casing on G6-1-1/2 models and larger. Enclosed Bronze Impeller: Impeller is of latest hydraulic design for maximum efficiency. It is balanced for vibration-free operation. Replaceable Casing Wear Ring Easily replaceable casing wear ring prevents wear on casing. Available on Series G close-coupled and GN base-mounted units only. Mechanical Shaft Seal Self-adjusting shaft seal handles temperatures to 180 F and pressures to 200 psi. Ceramic seat and carbon seal faces provide long, trouble-free service. Special seals are available for higher temperatures and fluids other than water. Standard on G6-1-1/2 through 4G9-4F close-coupled, and on GNA6-1-1/2, GNB, and GNC base-mounted units is a tapped and plugged opening for optional seal face flushing. Bronze Shaft Sleeve Gasket and keyed hook-type sleeve protects shaft from wear and corrosion in seal area on selected models. Bronze sleeves are standard on units with JM frame motors. All iron units have stainless steel shaft sleeves. Units with 56J frame motors have one-piece stainless steel shafts. Motors Standard 56J & JM frame motors on close-coupled units offer the advantages of quiet operation and controlled shaft deflection for longer mechanical seal life. Bearings are sized to provide optimal service life. Interchangeability The complete liquid end of most sizes of pumps are interchangeable between motors on close-coupled pumps and Burks power frames of comparably sized pumps. This provides greater inventory flexibility plus the option for handling emergency situations.

Questions & Answers

When the flow increases, the discharge pressure of the pump decreases, and when the flow decreases the discharge pressure increases
Do not let a centrifugal pump operate for long periods of time at zero flow. The friction of the impeller will make water will boil, the mechanical seal will "burn", all plastic components will melt and water will possibly leak into the motor winding In residential systems, the pressure switch shuts the pump down when the pressure is high which means there is low or no flow.
There is no standard which establishes precise limits for minimum flow in pumps. Most centrifugal pumps should not be used at a flow rate less than 50% of the best efficiency point. If the system requires a flow rate of 50% or less then use a re-circulation line to increase the flow through the pump keeping the flow low in the system. If a pump operates at at very low flows, it could overheat badly and cause noise, vibration, cavitation and mechanical damage.
Make sure your pump has a pressure gauge on the discharge side close to the outlet of the pump this will help you diagnose pump system problems. It is also useful to have a pressure/ vacuum gauge on the suction side; the difference in pressure is proportional to the total head. The pressure gauge reading will have to be corrected for elevation since the reference plane for total head calculation is the suction flange of the pump.
Make sure that the pump is always full of liquid; most centrifugal pumps cannot run dry. In residential systems, to make sure that the pump stays full of the liquid use a check valve in line or a foot valve at the end of the suction line. Use of check valves to isolate pumps installed in parallel.
Gate valves or full flow ball valves should be used as these offer no resistance to flow and can provide a tight shut-off. Butterfly valves are often used but they do provide some resistance and their presence in the flow stream can potentially be a source of hang-ups which would be critical at the suction. Butterfly valves close faster than gate valves but are not as leak proof.
Always use an eccentric reducer at the pump suction when a pipe size transition is required. Put the flat on top when the fluid is coming from below or straight and the flat on the bottom when the fluid is coming from the top. This will avoid an air pocket at the pump suction and allow air to be evacuated.
If you need to control the flow, use a valve on the discharge side of the pump; never use a valve on the suction side for this purpose.
Avoid pockets or high point where air can accumulate in the piping. An ideal pipe run is one where the piping gradually slopes to the suction of the pump and up from the pump discharge. This will ensure that any air in the the pump can be evacuated.
Water hammer or hydraulic shock is a pressure surge resulting when water in motion is forced to stop or change direction suddenly. Water hammer commonly happens when a valve is closed suddenly at an end of a pipeline system, and a pressure wave if formed in the pipe. This pressure wave can cause major problems, from noise and vibration to pipe collapse. It is possible to reduce the effects of the water hammer pulses with accumulators and other features. For pumps 500 GPM or larger use valves at the discharge that is controlled to open gradually when starting the pump. This will avoid water hammer during the initial start and damage to the piping system.
The right pipe size is a compromise between cost and excessive friction loss that will affect the pump performance. As a rule of thumb the discharge pipe size should not be smaller than the pump discharge connection. For the suction side, you can also use the same size pipe as the pump suction connection and increase it by one pipe size for every 50 feet of suction pipe. A typical velocity range used for sizing pipes on the discharge side of the pump is 8-12 ft/s and for the suction side 3-6 ft/s. The actual pipe sizes should be determined by calculating the friction loss of the whole system.
When two or more pumps are arranged in parallel their resulting performance curve is obtained by adding their individual capacities at the same head. Centrifugal pumps in parallel are used to deliver larger flows than one pump can handle alone. Parallel operation adds pump capacity while the head stays the same.
When two or more centrifugal pumps are arranged in series their resulting pump performance curve is obtained by adding their heads at the same flow rate (capacity). Centrifugal pumps in series are used to deliver more system head than one pump can handle alone. Series operation adds pump head while the capacity stays the same.
The end of the suction pipe is not submerged deeply enough, a vortex will form at the surface and cause air to be en-trained in the pump reducing the pump capacity.
A centrifugal pump should be selected based on total head and flow requirements. Pump selection starts with getting detail information about the system. If you are just replacing an existing pump with an exact replacement, then there is no problem. If you are replacing an existing pump with problems or looking for a pump for a new application then we respectfully suggest that you contact a qualified and competent specifying engineer.
When air enters a pump it sometimes gets trapped in the volute, this reduces the capacity, creates vibration and noise. To remedy, shut the pump down and open top casing plug vent and remove the air. If the pump is excessively noisy do not automatically assume that the problem is cavitation, air in the pump creates vibration and noise.
Viscosity is the main criteria which determine whether the application requires a centrifugal pump or a positive displacement pump. Centrifugal pumps can pump viscous fluids however the performance is adversely affected. If your fluid is over 2000 SSU in viscosity consider using a positive displacement pump.
The shut-off head, this is the maximum head that the pump can achieve and occurs at zero flow. The pump will be noisy and vibrate excessively at this point. The pump will consume the least amount of power at this point. Do not let a centrifugal pump operate for long periods of time at zero flow. The friction of the impeller will make water will boil, the mechanical seal will "burn", all plastic components will melt and water will possibly leak into the motor winding In residential systems, the pressure switch shuts the pump down when the pressure is high which means there is low or no flow.
The best efficiency point B.E.P. this is the point at which the pump is the most efficient and operates with the least vibration and noise. This is often the point for which pumps are rated and which is indicated on the nameplate. The pump will consume the power corresponding to its B.E.P. rating at this point.
It is the point, on the right side of the curve, past which the pump may not operated. The pump will be noisy and vibrate excessively at this point. The pump will consume the maximum amount of power at this point.
They are normal curves, flat curves and drooping curves. In a normal curve the head decreases rapidly as flow increases. Ina flat curve the head decreases very slowly as flow increases. The drooping curve is similar to the normal curve except that the head raises then drops as it gets near to the shut-off head point.
The drooping curve shape is to be avoided because it is possible for the pump to hunt between two operating points which both satisfy the head requirement of the system. This is known to happen when two pumps are in parallel, when the second pump is started it may fail to get to the operating point or hunt between two points that are at equal head. Thankfully not to many pumps have this characteristic.
A flat curve is sometimes desirable since a change in flow only causes a small change in head as in a sprinkler systems. As more sprinklers are turned on the head will tend to decrease but because the curve is flat the head will decrease only a small amount which means that the pressure at the sprinkler will drop only a small amount, thereby keeping the water velocity high at the sprinkler outlet.
The normal curve can be more or less steep. A steep curve can be desirable from a control point of view since a small change in flow will result in a large pressure drop. The steepness of the curve depends on the number of vanes and the specific speed.

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